Gender, Society and Economic Life in Byzantium (Variorum Collected Studies Series)

By Angeliki E. Laiou

The experiences during this quantity replicate the author’s curiosity in background because it was once lived: not just the social and monetary constructions, however the women and men, jointly and separately, who made them functionality. The position of girls in Byzantine economic system and society is located to be even more very important than have been believed; their participation in alternate and production is demonstrated, as is the position of aristocratic girls within the financial affairs of the loved ones; the query of lady literacy can also be mentioned. reports at the Byzantine relations, established largely at the criminal assets, research the formation of matrimonial ties in addition to the perform of divorce and concubinage within the thirteenth century. the second one a part of the quantity is concentrated at the economic system of alternate in Byzantium among 1204 and the autumn of the Empire. Byzantine exchange and production are put within the context of the commercial advancements of the japanese Mediterranean, with the realization that, while the actions of Byzantine and Greek retailers have been even more massive than students had inspiration, they have been subordinated to the wishes of the Italian-dominated exchange procedure, whereas Byzantine production declined. Les etudes assemblées dans ce quantity reflètent l’intérêt de leur auteur pour l’histoire telle qu’elle était vécue; non seulement en ce qui concerne les constructions sociales et économiques, mais aussi les hommes et les femmes, collectivement et individuellement, qui permettaient à celles-ci de fonctionner. Le rôle des femmes dans l. a. société et l’économie byzantine se révèle comme ayant beaucoup plus d’importance qu’on ne le pensait auparavant; leur participation au trade et à l’industrie est un fait établi, tout comme l’est le rôle des femmes aristocrates dans les affaires économiques du lobby. Le thème de l’alphabétisation des femmes est aussi souevé. Deux études sur l. a. famille byzantine, se basant en grande partie sur des resources légales, exa

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Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud

This is a ebook in regards to the making and unmaking of intercourse over the centuries. It tells the extraordinary tale of intercourse within the West from the ancients to the moderns in an exact account of advancements in reproductive anatomy and body structure. we can't fail to acknowledge the gamers in Thomas Laqueur's story--the human sexual organs and pleasures, nutrition, blood, semen, egg, sperm--but we'll be surprised on the plots into which they've been woven through scientists, political activists, literary figures, and theorists of each stripe.

Laqueur starts off with the query of why, within the overdue eighteenth century, woman's orgasm got here to be considered as inappropriate to perception, and he then proceeds to retrace the dramatic adjustments in Western perspectives of sexual features over millennia. alongside the way in which, "masterplots" emerge. within the one-sex tale, lady is a less than excellent model of guy, and her anatomy and body structure are construed for this reason: the vagina is visible as an inside penis, the womb as a scrotum, the ovaries as testicles. The physique is therefore a illustration, now not the basis, of social gender. the second one plot has a tendency to dominate post-Enlightenment pondering whereas the one-sex version is firmly rooted in classical studying. The two-sex tale says that the physique determines gender modifications, that girl is the other of guy with incommensurably varied organs, features, and emotions. the 2 plots overlap; neither ever holds a monopoly. technology could identify many new proof, besides, Laqueur argues, technological know-how was once basically delivering a brand new means of conversing, a rhetoric and never a key to girl liberation or to social growth. Making Sex ends with Freud, who denied the neurological proof to insist that, as a lady turns into a girl, the locus of her sexual excitement shifts from the clitoris to the vagina; she turns into what tradition calls for regardless of, no longer as a result of, the physique. Turning Freud's well-known dictum round, Laqueur posits that future is anatomy. intercourse, in different phrases, is an artifice.

This is a strong tale, written with verve and a prepared feel of telling element (be it technically rigorous or scabrously fanciful). Making Sex will stimulate concept, even if argument or stunned contract, in quite a lot of readers.

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Sex, Culture, and Justice: The Limits of Choice

By Clare Chambers

Autonomy is key to liberalism. yet self sufficient members frequently decide to do issues that damage themselves or undermine their equality. specifically, ladies usually decide to perform practices of sexual inequality--cosmetic surgical procedure, gendered styles of labor and childcare, make-up, restrictive garments, or the sexual subordination required by way of club in convinced non secular teams. during this booklet, Clare Chambers argues that this quandary poses a primary problem to many present liberal and multicultural theories that dominate modern political philosophy.

Chambers argues conception of justice can't forget about the impression of tradition and the position it performs in shaping offerings. If cultures form offerings, it's tricky to exploit these offerings because the degree of the justice of the tradition. Drawing upon feminist reviews of gender inequality and poststructuralist theories of social development, she argues that we must always settle for a number of the multicultural claims concerning the significance of tradition in shaping our activities and identities, yet that we must always succeed in the other normative end to that of multiculturalists and plenty of liberals. instead of utilizing the belief of social building to justify cultural appreciate or safety, we should always use it to floor a serious stance towards cultural norms. The booklet provides radical proposals for country motion to advertise sexual and cultural justice.

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Bachelor Girl: The Secret History of Single Women in the Twentieth Century

By Betsy Israel

In this full of life and colourful booklet of renowned heritage, journalist Betsy Israel shines a mild at the outdated stereotypes that experience stigmatized unmarried ladies for years and celebrates their ingenious experience of spirit, company, and limitless good fortune in an international the place it really is not strange or not likely to be unwed.

Drawing generally on basic assets, together with deepest journals, newspaper tales, journal articles, ads, motion pictures, and different fabrics from renowned media, Israel paints remarkably brilliant pix of unmarried girls -- and how they have been perceived -- through the many years. From the nineteenth-century spinsters, of latest England to the Bowery ladies of latest York urban, from the Nineteen Twenties flappers to the Nineteen Forties operating ladies of the battle years and the occupation ladies of the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties, unmarried girls have fought to discover and think cozy in that room in their personal. One want simply examine Bridget Jones and the Sex and the City gang to determine that unmarried girls nonetheless preserve an uneasy courting with the remainder of society -- and but they radiate an air of secrecy of glamour and secret in renowned culture.

As witty because it is easily researched, as considerate because it is vigorous, Bachelor Girl is a must-read for girls everywhere.

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Gender and the Work-Family Experience: An Intersection of Two Domains

Conflict among paintings and relations has been a subject of dialogue because the starting of the women's flow, yet fresh adjustments in kin buildings and team demographics have made it transparent that the problems influence either men and women. whereas employers and policymakers fight to navigate this new terrain, critics cost that the examine quarter, too, has been sluggish to respond.

Gender and the Work-Family Experience places a number of faces – male in addition to lady – on complicated realities with interdisciplinary and cross-cultural understanding and research-based perception. in addition to reviewing the nation of gender roles as they impact domestic and profession, this in-depth reference examines and compares how men and women adventure work-family clash and its effects for relationships at domestic in addition to results at the task. subject matters as wide-ranging as gendered occupations, gender and shiftwork, heteronormative assumptions, the parable of the correct employee, and gendered facets of work-family guilt replicate major adjustments in society and show vital implications for either study and coverage. additionally integrated within the coverage: 

  • Gender ideology and work-family plans of the following generation
  • Gender, poverty, and the work-family interface
  • The double jeopardy impression: the significance of gender and race in work-family research
  • When paintings intrudes upon staff’ own time: does gender matter?
  • Work-family equality: the significance of a degree taking part in box at home
  • Women in STEM: family-related demanding situations and initiatives
  • Family-friendly organizational rules, practices, and advantages during the gender lens

Geared towards work-family and gender researchers in addition to scholars and educators in quite a few fields, Gender and the Work-Family Experience will locate readers within the fields of business and organizational psychology, enterprise administration, social psychology, sociology, gender reviews, women’s reviews, and public coverage, between others..

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Hegemony and Heteronormativity: Revisiting 'The Political' in Queer Politics (Queer Interventions)

This publication displays on 'the political' in queer concept and politics by way of revisiting of its key different types: hegemony and heteronormativity. It explores the explicit insights provided through those different types and the ways that they increase the research of strength and domination from a queer standpoint, when additionally interpreting the probabilities for political research and strategy-building supplied via theories of hegemony and heteronormativity. furthermore, in addressing those matters the publication strives to reconsider the knowledge of the time period "queer", which will keep away from narrowing queer politics to a critique of normative heterosexuality and the inflexible gender binary. through the interaction among hegemony and heteronormativity, this ground-breaking quantity provides new chances of reconceptualizing 'the political' from a queer perspective.
Investigating the results of queer politics not just on subjectivities and intimate own kin, but in addition on associations, socio-cultural approaches and worldwide politics, this ebook should be of curiosity to these operating within the fields of serious idea, gender and sexuality, queer concept, postcolonial reports, and feminist political theory.

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The Vagina: A Literary and Cultural History

By Emma L. E. Rees

From South Park to Kathy Acker, from Lars Von Trier to Sex and the City, women's sexual organs are demonized. In The Vagina: A Literary and Cultural History, Emma L.E. Rees investigates the evolution of this demonization: she considers how writers, artists and filmmakers cope with the difficulty of he vagina's confusing 'covert visibility' and the way the 'c-word' is an obscenity that either legitimates and perpetuates the fractured identities of ladies globally.

In our postmodern, porn-obsessed tradition, vaginas seem to be far and wide, actually or symbolically yet, crucially, they're as silenced as they're objectified. Even universal slang phrases for the vagina could be visible as an try to divert awareness clear of the truth of women's lived sexual studies: slang bargains a handy distraction from anything taboo. The Vagina: A Literary and Cultural heritage is a tremendous contribution to the continued debate in realizing the female identity.

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The Transvestite Achilles: Gender and Genre in Statius' Achilleid

By P. J. Heslin

As we persist with Achilles' metamorphosis from wild boy to demure woman to lover to hero, Statius brilliantly illustrates a chain of contrasting codes of habit: female and male, epic and elegiac. this primary full-length examine of the poem addresses not just the narrative itself, but additionally units the parable of Achilles on Scyros inside of a wide interpretive framework. The exploration levels from the reception of the Achilleid in Baroque opera to the anthropological parallels that experience emerged to give an explanation for Achilles' transvestism.

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