By Sanjiv Harpavat, Sahar Nissim
This best-selling microbiology deck is now extra up to date and high-yield than ever. each one card includes a microorganism at the entrance and info its scientific presentation, pathogenesis, prognosis, and remedy at the again. Full-color medical photographs, schematics, and algorithms let you try out your self, determine pathogens, classify organisms, and get ready for end-of-course tests and the USMLE Step 1.
Use learn time successfully with this flash card deck!
Full-color photomicrographs and schematics depict the morphology of pathogens, structural positive aspects, and scientific findings.
Recall layout retains your overview vigorous and quick—maximizing research time.
Algorithms on each one card classify organisms for simple memorization.
Take your research at the highway! This deck contains on-line entry to 70 bonus USMLE-style Q&A.
Quick preview of Lippincott's Microcards: Microbiology Flash Cards (3rd Edition) PDF
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Extra info for Lippincott's Microcards: Microbiology Flash Cards (3rd Edition)
Agalactiae medical CASE a tender woman is delivered to her medical professional due to a rough-appearing rash on her trunk and neck that has unfold to her palms. actual examination unearths that her axilla is most influenced, yet her arms and soles are spared. Her mom and dad say that she has been struggling with a fever and sore throat. Lab experiences display her serum is ASO ϩ, and he or she is run with penicillin. In a couple of days, her rash subsides and her fingers and soles desquamate. 17 011-033_Harpavat_CoreCards_GramPosBacteria.
Indd eighty five 7/10/11 1:16 AM Flaviviridae Hepatitis C Virus medical PRESENTATION acute hepatitis jaundice, fever continual hepatitis provider nation (asymptomatic) cirrhosis predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma PATHOBIOLOGY human reservoir → transmission via blood (especially transfusion, IV drug use), semen, in utero → virus infects hepatocytes → immune reaction by way of CTLs kills contaminated hepatocytes → acute hepatitis in 50–70% of instances, virus no longer eradicated → asymptomatic provider kingdom or could develop into power energetic hepatitis → cirrhosis, predisposition to hepatocellular carcinoma analysis serology for anti-HCV antibody therapy pegylated ␣-interferon ribavirin no vaccine on hand quickly proof HCV poses a big challenge to IV drug clients and in blood transfusion banks.
Eighty five 072-099_Harpavat_CoreCards_RNAViruses. indd eighty five 7/10/11 1:16 AM Flaviviridae Hepatitis C Virus scientific PRESENTATION acute hepatitis jaundice, fever persistent hepatitis service kingdom (asymptomatic) cirrhosis predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma PATHOBIOLOGY human reservoir → transmission through blood (especially transfusion, IV drug use), semen, in utero → virus infects hepatocytes → immune reaction via CTLs kills contaminated hepatocytes → acute hepatitis in 50–70% of situations, virus now not eradicated → asymptomatic service country or may possibly turn into power lively hepatitis → cirrhosis, predisposition to hepatocellular carcinoma analysis serology for anti-HCV antibody remedy pegylated ␣-interferon ribavirin no vaccine on hand quickly proof HCV poses an important challenge to IV drug clients and in blood transfusion banks.
Analysis is proven with serological checks. The sufferer is run tetracycline, and the fever diminishes inside 2 days. sixty six 058-071_Harpavat_CoreCards_OtherBacteria. indd sixty six 7/10/11 1:16 AM Chlamydia psittaci Psittacosis, Ornithosis, Parrot Fever medical PRESENTATION psittacosis (atypical pneumonia) PATHOBIOLOGY carried via birds (e. g. , parrots) → microorganism sheds from chook feces and spreads by means of aerosol → microorganism enters top breathing tract epithelium → invades, spreads through blood to alveoli → phagocytosed via macrophages → lymphocyte infiltration → neighborhood edema, necrosis, and hemorrhage in alveoli Chlamydia lifestyles cycle has varieties: extracellular undemanding physique (EB) intracellular reticular physique (RB) EB is infective shape → EB phagocytosed → intracellularly, EB transforms into RB (special cellphone wall blocks phagosome– lysosome fusion) → RB multiplies inside of intracellular inclusion physique → RB condenses into EB → inclusion physique bursts freeing infective EB prognosis visualize intracytoplasmic inclusions: iodine stain Ϫ, Giemsa stain ϩ serology remedy antibiotics that could input cells: doxycycline fast evidence puppy store proprietors and veterinarians operating with birds are at excessive hazard.
Indd seventy five 7/10/11 1:16 AM Picornaviridae Enterovirus Hepatitis a virulent disease medical PRESENTATION acute hepatitis PATHOBIOLOGY transmitted by means of fecal–oral path → travels in GI tract (stable at low gastric pH) → infects mucosal epithelial cells → replicates and spreads (viremia) → reaches liver through portal movement → infects hepatocytes CTL reaction encouraged → kills contaminated hepatocytes → usually asymptomatic yet could cause jaundice analysis IgM detection in serum (IgG shows prior infections) remedy supportive care (self-limiting) pooled immune globulins vaccine: formalin-inactivated HAV speedy evidence Epidemics between little ones are the main widespread instances (e.