By Bert Holldobler, Edward O. Wilson
View a set of video clips on Professor Wilson entitled "On the Relation of technological know-how and the Humanities"
This landmark paintings, the distillation of a life of learn via the world's prime myrmecologists, is a thoroughgoing survey of 1 of the most important and such a lot various teams of animals on the earth. Hölldobler and Wilson evaluate in exhaustive element almost all subject matters within the anatomy, body structure, social association, ecology, and ordinary heritage of the ants. In huge structure, with virtually one thousand line drawings, photos, and work, it's essentially the most visually wealthy and all-encompassing perspectives of any team of organisms in the world. it will likely be welcomed either as an creation to the topic and as an encyclopedia reference for researchers in entomology, ecology, and sociobiology.
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Zur Kenntnis der Zusammensetzung des Honigtaues. Apidologie, 8(4): 419-426. Zikán, J. F. 1942. Algo sobre a simbiose de Mydas com Atta. Rodrignesia, 6: 61-67. Zoebelein, G. 1956. Der Honigtau als Nahrung der Insekten, half II. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 39(2): 129-167. Zwölfer, H. 1958. Zur Systematik, Biologie und Ökologie unterirdisch lebender Aphiden (Homoptera, Aphidoidea) (Anoeciinae, Tetraneurini, Pemphigini und Fordinae), half IV: Ökologische und systematische Erörterungen. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 43(1): 1-52.
Parker. 1904. The reactions of ants to fabric vibrations. complaints of the Academy of ordinary Sciences of Philadelphia, 56(2): 642-650. Finnegan, R. J. 1975. advent of a predacious purple wooden ant, Formica lugubris (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), from Italy to jap Canada. Canadian Entomologist, 107(12): 1271-74. ———1977. institution of a predacious pink wooden ant, Formica obscuripes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), from Manitoba to japanese Canada. Canadian Entomologist, 109(8): 1145-48. Fittkau, E. J. , and H.
The actual domination of a few participants of a bunch by means of different participants, in quite orderly and long-lasting styles. with the exception of the top- and lowest-ranking contributors, a given member will dominate a number of of its partners and be ruled in flip through a number of of the others. The hierarchy is initiated and sustained by way of adversarial habit, albeit occasionally of a sophisticated and oblique nature. Dorsal touching on the dorsum or top floor, as opposed to ventral. Dorsum the higher floor. Dorylophile An compulsory visitor of 1 of the military ants belonging to the tribe Dorylini.
Testaceus, the single species of the genus that doesn't receive host staff during this model, tolerates the host queens. desk 12-2 features of a bunch species (Plagiolepis pygmaea) and heavily comparable species that stay as social parasites with it. (Based on facts from Le Masne, 1956b. ) yet what of the minority of inquilines whose presence factors the loss of life of the host queens, specifically the queen-killing Epimyrma species that don't behavior slave raids? For a few species, within which both the host colonies or the parasites themselves are particularly brief lived, it can be useful to cast off the host queen and make investments all of the efforts of the host employees within the creation of as many parasite queens and men once attainable.
Resource OF THE COLONY scent In such a lot if no longer all situations studied in ants thus far, id of nestmates and lifestyles phases is via antennal touch. This truth in itself indicates chemoreception, even if Brian (1968) has speculated that a number of age sessions of Myrmica larvae can also be distinctive by way of definite changes in hairiness which are relatively obvious to the human observer. at the least one instance has been stated within which the chemoreception appears to be like to function over a distance. whilst employees of the harvester Pogonomyrmex badius lay trophic eggs, they look for hungry larvae whereas sweeping their antennae in the course of the air.